Widespread and exceptional water deficits may emerge in Iran, southern Afghanistan, and Pakistan while deficits may continue to emerge in Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh, as seen in the 12-month composite map (below). The map is based on observed data through September 2015 and forecasts issued the last week of September 2015.
Iran's director of National Drought Warning and Monitoring Center has stated that all of the country's 31 provinces suffer from drought to some extent, and that normal rainfall will not be able to replenish depleting groundwater reserves. Adding to that sense of urgency, the senior advisor at Iran's Department of Environment has said that if the current consumption pattern continues, the country will turn into a desert in 15 years. In Maharashtra, India the government has declared a "drought-like condition" in 34 percent of the state,and imposed a 'drought surcharge' on fuel, liquor, cigarettes and jewelry to raise money for affected farmers.
The 3-month composites (below) for the same 12-month period show the evolving conditions in more detail. Deficits may emerge across much of Iran October through December; and in southern Afghanistan, Pakistan, and across northern India, with some areas experiencing both deficits and surpluses. These conditions are expected to increase in extent and severity January through March; moderate surpluses may emerge in southern India and western Odisha. There may be localized exceptional surpluses in southern India after March.