The forecast through November indicates that water deficits in Central and Eastern Europe will shrink and moderate overall, but intense deficits are forecast in Finland and around the Baltic Sea. Conditions in Mediterranean Europe are expected to be relatively normal. Surpluses are forecast for Ireland and northern United Kingdom, and northern European Russia.
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The forecast through October indicates that water deficits will shrink and downgrade overall in Europe but remain widespread and intense in Finland. Deficits will moderate in central Europe, the Baltics, and Belarus, but intense pockets are forecast in southern Germany; Poland near Kraków; Germany near Dresden and Munich; coastal Norway; and central and northern Sweden. Surpluses are forecast for Ireland, United Kingdom, northern European Russia, and pockets in Italy and the Balkans.
The forecast through September indicates widespread water deficits throughout much of Europe, with exceptional anomalies in Finland, the Baltics, Belarus, southern Germany, Belgium, Austria, and Extremadura, Spain. Many rivers will be affected as well, with exceptional deficits on the Danube and Drava, and severe deficits on the Rhine, Allier, Dordogne, and Loire Rivers.
Regions forecast to have significant water deficits for the 12-month period from April 2019 through March 2020 include: Suriname, French Guiana, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Egypt, Cameroon, and New Caledonia. Areas with a forecast of significant water surplus include: the central United States, Paraguay, Syria, northern Iraq, southern Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Tanzania, and southeastern China. This Watch List is based on ISciences Water Security Indicator Model v2 (WSIMv2) run on 9 July 2019
The forecast through August 2019 indicates that water deficits will remain intense in Northern Europe, especially in Finland, Estonia, and Latvia. Other areas of intense deficit include Luxembourg, northern Germany, central France and the Loire River, and along the Drava River through Austria. Areas of surplus include Scotland, central Italy and around the Adriatic Sea, Serbia, and northern Romania.
Water deficits will shrink considerably in Central and Eastern Europe through March, but intense deficits are forecast for Finland, Sweden, Slovenia, Croatia, and Macedonia. Severe deficits will emerge on the Iberian Peninsula and deficits of varying intensity are forecast for Estonia, Latvia, northern Belarus, Italy, pockets of the Balkans, and central European Russia. Areas of surplus include northern European Russia, southern Sweden, pockets of the UK, Switzerland, Austria, Czech Republic, Romania, and scattered pockets of Central and Eastern Europe.
In the near-term through January, widespread water deficits are forecast though exceptional deficits will shrink. Areas of intense deficit include: the Balkans, Ireland, Germany, France, Luxembourg, Belgium, Netherlands, Denmark, southern Norway, Estonia, and Latvia. Areas of surplus include Norway, northern European Russia, Scotland, and Sicily.
Intense water deficits will give way to milder conditions after November along with some pockets of moderate surplus. Until then, severe to exceptional deficits are forecast for Germany, particularly in the south and along the Rhine River, as well as in Switzerland, Finland, southeastern Norway, and southern Ireland. Moderate to severe deficits are expected in many other areas including the Baltics, parts of Eastern Europe, Scotland and England, and much of France. Areas of surplus include Hungary and parts of Serbia, Romania, and Bulgaria. Surpluses will be intense in southern Hungary.
Water deficits will continue to dominate much of Europe through September but will diminish significantly thereafter. Through September, however, exceptional deficits will persist in Finland, Estonia, and many pockets of Western and Central Europe. Severe to exceptional deficits are expected along many rivers including the Danube, the Drava, the Rhine, the Rhône, and the Loire. Surpluses in Western Russia will persist through September but diminish in extent and severity except in Murmansk, where exceptional surpluses will continue to emerge. Exceptional surpluses are forecast for eastern Romania and Moldova which will persist through December.
In the near-term, Europe is forecast to experience generally moderate water deficits with more exceptional conditions affecting the Baltic States, Finland and southern Sweden. On the mainland the Benelux States as well as portions of Austria and Italy may experience more intense conditions. These are forecast to moderate steady through the mid-forecast period shifting to moderate surpluses across most of northern Europe in the December through February 2018 time frame. A pocket of exceptional surpluses in eastern Romania persists throughout the forecast, moderating slightly in early 2018.