More than two decades of drought have caused substantial problems in much of Iran, with dried up rivers, dead trees, and depleted underground water supplies. Some experts predict that areas in Southern Iran may become uninhabitable if the drought persists.
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Exceptional water deficits are forecast for portions of Yemen, Somaliland, Ethiopia, and Somalia beginning in June 2015 and continuing, for the most part, through January 2016.
Widespread, exceptional water deficits are forecast for Jordan and the surrounding area from May through October 2015.
Severe to exceptional water deficits in southern and central Angola are forecast to continue through January 2016. The deficits spread to Namibia in June, decreasing in intensity in Northern Namibia in October but remaining exceptional in Southern Namibia through January 2016.
Moderate to severe water deficits are forecast to continue in much of Southeast Asia and the Pacific through January 2016, with portions of central Vietnam and Southern Thailand being hit the hardest.
40-year and greater water deficits are forecast for Coastal West Africa starting in July 2015 and continuing through October 2015, with some areas remaining in exceptional deficit status through the end of the year. These deficits will affect the coastal regions of Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, and Cameroon. Although monthly deficits decline after October 2015, no recovery is expected, on an annual basis, until sometime after January 2016.
Central America and Northern South America: Exceptional Water Deficits July 2015 through January 2016
Exceptional water deficits are forecast for Central America starting in July and continuing through January 2016. Exceptional deficits are also forecast to hit Colombia, Ecuador, and Northern Peru in late summer. The area of extreme to exceptional deficits in Venezuela expands into Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana beginning in June, with the area of greatest deficits moving southward beginning in October. A sizable portion of Northern Brazil is forecast to experience exceptional deficits beginning in December 2015.